*REQUIRED BOOKS are books that all students are expected to have and to read.
They are usually necessary to pass the course.
*OPTIONAL BOOKS are books you recommend to add to students knowledge or assist them in the course.
Not all students are expected to purchase optional books.
IMPORTANT: If there have been any significant program changes, or changes in course requirements, prerequisites, etc., that will cause an unusual increase in enrollment in this course, please give us information!